Articles, Editorials, Letters and Reviews

Ackland HM, Pilcher DV, Roodenburg OS, McLellan SA, Cameron PA, Cooper DJ. Danger at every rung: Epidemiology and outcomes of ICU-admitted ladder-related trauma. Injury 2016;47:1109-17. 


Andrew E, Nehme Z, Bernard S, Smith K. Comparison of health-related quality of life and functional recovery measurement tools in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survivors. Resuscitation 2016;107:57-64.


Anstey C, Campbell V, Richardson A. A Comparison between Two Dilute Citrate Solutions (15 vs. 18 mmol/l) in Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy: The Base Excess and Renal Substitution Solution Study. Blood Purif 2016;42:194-201.


Aubron C, DePuydt J, Belon F, Bailey M, Schmidt M, Sheldrake J, Murphy D, Scheinkestel C, Cooper DJ, Capellier G, Pellegrino V, Pilcher D, McQuilten Z. Predictive factors of bleeding events in adults undergoing extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. Ann Intensive Care 2016;6:97.


Bandeshe H, Boots R, Dulhunty J, Dunlop R, Holley A, Jarrett P, Gomersall CD, Lipman J, Lo T, O'Donoghue S, Paratz J, Paterson D, Roberts JA, Starr T, Stephens D, Stuart J, Thomas J, Udy A, White H. Is inhaled prophylactic heparin useful for prevention and Management of Pneumonia in ventilated ICU patients?:  J Crit Care 2016;35-231-9.


Bartz RR, Gantner D, Gordon AC, Leligdowicz A, McNamee JJ, Murthy S, Nichol A, Webb S. Who Says There Is No "I" in Team? Achieving Individual Success in Collaborative Clinical Research in Critical Care. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2016;194:911-2.


Battistuzzo CR, Armstrong A, Clark J, Worley L, Sharwood L, Lin P, Rooke G, Skeers P, Nolan S, Geraghty T, Nunn A, Brown DJ, Hill S, Alexander J, Millard M, Cox SF, Rao S, Watts A, Goods L, Allison GT, Agostinello J, Cameron PA, Mosley I, Liew SM, Geddes T, Middleton J, Buchanan J, Rosenfeld JV, Bernard S, Atresh S, Patel A, Schouten R, Freeman BJ, Dunlop SA, Batchelor PE. Early Decompression following Cervical Spinal Cord Injury: Examining the Process of Care from Accident Scene to Surgery. J Neurotrauma 2016;33:1161-9.


Bellomo R, Hodgson CL. Improving the care of critically ill and postoperative patients with acute kidney injury. Anaesth Crit Care Pain Med 2016;35:79-80.


Bellomo R, Martin A, Cooper DJ. The Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Research Centre. Blood Purif 2016;41:I-IV.


Bragge P, Synnot A, Maas A, Menon D, Cooper DJ, Rosenfeld JV, Gruen RL. A State of the Science Overview of Randomised Controlled Trials evaluating Acute Management of Moderate to Severe Traumatic Brain Injury. J Neurotrauma 2016; epub.


Cairns KA, Bortz HD, Le A, Levkovich B, McGloughlin S, Padiglione A. ICU antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) rounds: the daily activities of an AMS service. Int J Antimicrob Agents 2016;48:575-6.


Cnossen MC, Scholten AC, Lingsma H, Synnot A, Tavender E, Gantner D, Lecky F, Steyerberg EW, Polinder S. Adherence to guidelines in adult patients with traumatic brain injury: A living systematic review. J Neurotrauma 2016;epub.


Considine J, Jones D, Pilcher D, Currey J. Patient physiological status at the emergency department-ward interface and emergency calls for clinical deterioration during early hospital admission. J Adv Nurs 2016;72:1287-300.


Considine J, Jones D, Pilcher D, Currey J. Patient physiological status during emergency care and rapid response team or cardiac arrest team activation during early hospital admission. Eur J Emerg Med 2016; epub.


Considine J, Trotter C, Currey J. Nurses' documentation of physiological observations in three acute care settings. J Clin Nurs 2016;25:134-43.


Cooper DJ, Nichol A, Hodgson C. Craniectomy for Traumatic Intracranial Hypertension. N Engl J Med 2016;375:2402.


Cooper DJ, Nichol A, Presneill J. Hypothermia for Intracranial Hypertension after Traumatic Brain Injury. N Engl J Med 2016;374:1384.


Coulson TG, Bailey M, Reid CM, Tran L, Mullany DV, Parker J, Hicks P, Pilcher D. Acute risk change (ARC) identifies outlier institutions in perioperative cardiac surgical care when the standardized mortality ratio cannot. Br J Anaesth 2016;117:164-71.


Davidson AJ, Disma N, de Graaff JC, Withington DE, Dorris L, Bell G, Stargatt R, Bellinger DC, Schuster T, Arnup SJ, Hardy P, Hunt RW, Takagi MJ, Giribaldi G, Hartmann PL, Salvo I, Morton NS, von Ungern Sternberg BS, Locatelli BG, Wilton N, Lynn A, Thomas JJ, Polaner D, Bagshaw O, Szmuk P, Absalom AR, Frawley G, Berde C, Ormond GD, Marmor J, McCann ME. Neurodevelopmental outcome at 2 years of age after general anaesthesia and awake-regional anaesthesia in infancy (GAS): an international multicentre, randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2016;387:239-50.


Dyson K, Bray JE, Smith K, Bernard S, Straney L, Finn J. Paramedic Exposure to Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Resuscitation Is Associated With Patient Survival. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes 2016;9:154-60.


Eastwood GM, Schneider AG, Suzuki S, Peck L, Young H, Tanaka A, Martensson J, Warrillow S, McGuinness S, Parke R, Gilder E, McCarthy L, Galt P, Taori G, Eliott S, Lamac T, Bailey M, Harley N, Barge D, Hodgson CL, Morganti-Kossmann MC, Pebay A, Conquest A, Archer JS, Bernard S, Stub D, Hart GK, Bellomo R. Targeted therapeutic mild hypercapnia after cardiac arrest: A phase II multi-centre randomised controlled trial (the CCC trial). Resuscitation 2016;104:83-90.


Fan E, Gattinoni L, Combes A, Schmidt M, Peek G, Brodie D, Muller T, Morelli A, Ranieri VM, Pesenti A, Brochard L, Hodgson C, Van Kiersbilck C, Roch A, Quintel M, Papazian L. Venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for acute respiratory failure : A clinical review from an international group of experts. Intensive Care Med 2016; epub.


Fossum M, Hughes L, Manias E, Bennett P, Dunning T, Hutchinson A, Considine J, Botti M, Duke MM, Bucknall T. Comparison of medication policies to guide nursing practice across seven Victorian health services. Aust Health Rev 2016; epub.


Gabriel LE, Bailey MJ, Bellomo R, Stow P, Orford N, McGain F, Santamaria J, Scheinkestel C, Pilcher DV. Insurance status and mortality in critically ill patients. Crit Care Resusc 2016;18:43-9.


Garnero A, Hodgson C, Arnal JM. Transpulmonary pressure cannot be determined without esophageal pressure in ARDS patients. Minerva Anestesiol 2016;82:121-2.


Hay A, Bellomo R, Pilcher D, Jackson G, Kaukonen KM, Bailey M. Characteristics and outcome of patients with the ICU Admission diagnosis of status epilepticus in Australia and New Zealand. J Crit Care 2016;34:146-53.


Hayes K, Holland AE, Pellegrino VA, Leet AS, Fuller LM, Hodgson CL. Physical function after extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in patients pre or post heart transplantation - An observational study. Heart Lung 2016;45:525-31.


Hodges A, Pilcher D. Adaptive Servo-Ventilation for Central Sleep Apnea in Heart Failure. N Engl J Med 2016;374:688.


Hodgson C, Cuthbertson BH. Improving outcomes after critical illness: harder than we thought! Intensive Care Med 2016;42:1772-4.


Hodgson C, Goligher EC, Young ME, Keating JL, Holland AE, Romero L, Bradley SJ, Tuxen D. Recruitment manoeuvres for adults with acute respiratory distress syndrome receiving mechanical ventilation. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2016;11:CD006667.


Hodgson CL, Bailey M, Bellomo R, Berney S, Buhr H, Denehy L, Gabbe B, Harrold M, Higgins A, Iwashyna TJ, Papworth R, Parke R, Patman S, Presneill J, Saxena M, Skinner E, Tipping C, Young P, Webb S. A Binational Multicenter Pilot Feasibility Randomized Controlled Trial of Early Goal-Directed Mobilization in the ICU. Crit Care Med 2016;44:1145-52.


Hodgson CL, Fan E. Better Measures, Better Trials, Better Outcomes in Survivors of Critical Illness. Crit Care Med 2016;44:1254-5.


Hodgson CL, Fan E. Intensive care unit acquired weakness. Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine 2016;17:24-6.


Hodgson CL, Iwashyna TJ, Schweickert WD. All That Work and No Gain: What Should We Do to Restore Physical Function in Our Survivors? Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2016;193:1071-2.


Iwashyna TJ, Hodgson CL. Early mobilisation in ICU is far more than just exercise. Lancet 2016;388:1351-2.


Iwashyna TJ, Hodgson CL, Pilcher D, Bailey M, van Lint A, Chavan S, Bellomo R. Timing of onset and burden of persistent critical illness in Australia and New Zealand: a retrospective, population-based, observational study. Lancet Respir Med 2016; 566-73. 


Kowalski M, Udy AA, McRobbie HJ, Dooley MJ. Nicotine replacement therapy for agitation and delirium management in the intensive care unit: a systematic review of the literature. J Intensive Care 2016;4:69.


Levkovich BJ, Bui T, Bovell A, Watterson J, Egan A, Poole SG, Dooley MJ. Variability of intravenous medication preparation in Australian and New Zealand intensive care units. J Eval Clin Pract 2016;22:965-70.


Lippmann J, Lawrence C, Fock A, Jamieson S, Harris R. Provisional report on diving-related fatalities in Australian waters in 2011. Diving Hyperb Med 2016;46:207-40.


Marasco SF, Lo C, Murphy D, Summerhayes R, Quayle M, Zimmet A, Bailey M. Extracorporeal Life Support Bridge to Ventricular Assist Device: The Double Bridge Strategy. Artif Organs 2016;40:100-6.


McCaffrey J, Orford NR, Simpson N, Jenkins JL, Morley C, Pellegrino V. Service delivery model of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in an Australian regional hospital. Crit Care Resusc 2016;18:235-41.


Meadley B, Heschl S, Andrew E, de Wit A, Bernard SA, Smith K. A Paramedic-staffed Helicopter Emergency Medical Service's Response to Winch Missions in Victoria, Australia. Prehosp Emerg Care 2016;20:106-10.


Mitric G, Udy A, Bandeshe H, Clement P, Boots R. Variable use of amiodarone is associated with a greater risk of recurrence of atrial fibrillation in the critically ill. Crit Care 2016;20:90.


Modra LJ, Yong SA, Austin DE. Women in Leadership in Intensive Care Medicine. ICU Management and Practice 2016;16:174-6.


Moghaddas F, Smith C, Pilcher D, O'Hehir R, Hew M, Dabscheck E. Need for intensive care in patients admitted for asthma: Red flags from the social history. Respirology 2016;epub.


Mora JC, Schneider A, Robbins R, Bailey M, Bebee B, Hsiao YF, Considine J, Jones D, Bellomo R. Epidemiology of early Rapid Response Team activation after Emergency Department admission. Australas Emerg Nurs J 2016;19:54-61.


Morphet J, Kent B, Plummer V, Considine J. Profiling nursing resources in Australian emergency departments. Australas Emerg Nurs J 2016;19:1-10.


Munroe B, Curtis K, Murphy M, Strachan L, Considine J, Hardy J, Wilson M, Ruperto K, Fethney J, Buckley T. A structured framework improves clinical patient assessment and nontechnical skills of early career emergency nurses: a pre-post study using full immersion simulation. J Clin Nurs 2016;25:2262-74.


Myles PS, Smith JA, Forbes A, Silbert B, Jayarajah M, Painter T, Cooper DJ, Marasco S, McNeil J, Bussieres JS, McGuinness S, Byrne K, Chan MT, Landoni G, Wallace S, Network AIotACT. Tranexamic Acid in Patients Undergoing Coronary-Artery Surgery. N Engl J Med 2016;epub.


Myles PS, Smith JA, Forbes A, Silbert B, Jayarajah M, Painter T, Cooper DJ, Marasco S, McNeil J, Bussières JS, Wallace S. Stopping vs. Continuing Aspirin Before Coronary Artery Surgery. N Engl J Med 2016;374:728-37.


Nadeem K, Ng BC, Lim E, Gregory SD, Salamonsen RF, Stevens MC, Mubin M, Lovell NH. Numerical Simulation of a Biventricular Assist Device with Fixed Right Outflow Cannula Banding During Pulmonary Hypertension. Ann Biomed Eng 2016;44:1008-18.


Nanjayya VB, Pilcher D. Arteriovenous blood gas agreement in intensive care patients with varying levels of circulatory compromise. Crit Care Resusc 2016;18:133.


Nehme Z, Andrew E, Bernard S, Smith K. Impact of cardiopulmonary resuscitation duration on survival from paramedic witnessed out-of-hospital cardiac arrests: An observational study. Resuscitation 2016;100:25-31.


Nehme Z, Nair R, Andrew E, Bernard S, Lijovic M, Villani M, Zoungas S, Smith K. Effect of diabetes and pre-hospital blood glucose level on survival and recovery after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Crit Care Resusc 2016;18:77.


Nehme Z, Stub D, Bernard S, Stephenson M, Bray JE, Cameron P, Meredith IT, Barger B, Ellims AH, Taylor AJ, Kaye DM, Smith K. Effect of supplemental oxygen exposure on myocardial injury in ST-elevation myocardial infarction. Heart 2016;102:444-51.


Olaussen A, Shepherd M, Nehme Z, Smith K, Jennings PA, Bernard S, Mitra B. CPR-induced consciousness: A cross-sectional study of healthcare practitioners' experience. Australas Emerg Nurs J 2016;19:186-90.


Oldroyd JC, Venardos KM, Aoki NJ, Zatta AJ, McQuilten ZK, Phillips LE, Andrianopoulos N, Cooper DJ, Cameron PA, Isbister JP, Wood EM. Improving outcomes for hospital patients with critical bleeding requiring massive transfusion: the Australian and New Zealand Massive Transfusion Registry study methodology. BMC Res Notes 2016;9:457.


Opie RS, Neff M, Tierney AC. A behavioural nutrition intervention for obese pregnant women: Effects on diet quality, weight gain and the incidence of gestational diabetes. Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 2016;56:364-73.


Orford NR, Lane SE, Bailey M, Pasco JA, Cattigan C, Elderkin T, Brennan-Olsen SL, Bellomo R, Cooper DJ, Kotowicz MA. Changes in Bone Mineral Density in the Year after Critical Illness. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2016;193:736-44.


Pan KC, McKenzie DP, Pellegrino V, Murphy D, Butt W. The meaning of a high plasma free haemoglobin: retrospective review of the prevalence of haemolysis and circuit thrombosis in an adult ECMO centre over 5 years. Perfusion 2016;31:223-31.


Papamiltiadous ES, Roberts SK, Nicoll AJ, Ryan MC, Itsiopoulos C, Salim A, Tierney AC. A randomised controlled trial of a Mediterranean Dietary Intervention for Adults with Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (MEDINA): study protocol. BMC Gastroenterol 2016;16:14.


Paul E, Bailey M, Kasza J, Pilcher D. The ANZROD model: better benchmarking of ICU outcomes and detection of outliers. Crit Care Resusc 2016;18:25-36.


Philpot SJ, Aranha S, Pilcher DV, Bailey M. Randomised, Double Blind, Controlled Trial of the Provision of Information about the Benefits of Organ Donation during a Family Donation Conversation. PLoS One 2016;11:e0155778.


Reid DB, Chapple LS, O'Connor SN, Bellomo R, Buhr H, Chapman MJ, Davies AR, Eastwood GM, Ferrie S, Lange K, McIntyre J, Needham DM, Peake SL, Rai S, Ridley EJ, Rodgers H, Deane AM. The effect of augmenting early nutritional energy delivery on quality of life and employment status one year after ICU admission. Anaesth Intensive Care 2016;44:406-12.


Ridgeon E, Bellomo R, Myburgh J, Saxena M, Weatherall M, Jahan R, Arawwawala D, Bell S, Butt W, Camsooksai J, Carle C, Cheng A, Cirstea E, Cohen J, Cranshaw J, Delaney A, Eastwood G, Eliott S, Franke U, Gantner D, Green C, Howard-Griffin R, Inskip D, Litton E, MacIsaac C, McCairn A, Mahambrey T, Moondi P, Newby L, O'Connor S, Pegg C, Pope A, Reschreiter H, Richards B, Robertson M, Rodgers H, Shehabi Y, Smith I, Smith J, Smith N, Tilsley A, Whitehead C, Willett E, Wong K, Woodford C, Wright S, Young P. Validation of a classification system for causes of death in critical care: an assessment of inter-rater reliability. Crit Care Resusc 2016;18:50-4.


Ridley E, Gantner D, Pellegrino V. Reply Letter to the Editor - Nutrition therapy in critically ill patients - A review of current evidence for clinicians. Clin Nutr 2016;35:244.


Rosenfeldt F, Ou R, Salamonsen R, Marasco S, Zimmet A, Byrne J, Cosic F, Saxena P, Esmore D. A novel combination technique of cold crystalloid perfusion but not cold storage facilitates transplantation of canine hearts donated after circulatory death. J Heart Lung Transplant 2016;35:1358-64.


Rozencwajg S, Pilcher D, Combes A, Schmidt M. Outcomes and survival prediction models for severe adult acute respiratory distress syndrome treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. Crit Care 2016;20:392.


Sanagou M, Leder K, Cheng AC, Pilcher D, Reid CM, Wolfe R. Associations of hospital characteristics with nosocomial pneumonia after cardiac surgery can impact on standardized infection rates. Epidemiol Infect 2016;144:1065-74.


Santamaria JD, Duke GJ, Pilcher DV, Cooper DJ, Moran J, Bellomo R. Readmissions to Intensive Care: A Prospective Multicenter Study in Australia and New Zealand. Crit Care Med 2016;epub.


Serpa Neto A, Schmidt M, Azevedo LC, Bein T, Brochard L, Beutel G, Combes A, Costa EL, Hodgson C, Lindskov C, Lubnow M, Lueck C, Michaels AJ, Paiva JA, Park M, Pesenti A, Pham T, Quintel M, Marco Ranieri V, Ried M, Roncon-Albuquerque R, Jr., Slutsky AS, Takeda S, Terragni PP, Vejen M, Weber-Carstens S, Welte T, Gama de Abreu M, Pelosi P, Schultz MJ. Associations between ventilator settings during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for refractory hypoxemia and outcome in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome: a pooled individual patient data analysis: Mechanical ventilation during ECMO. Intensive Care Med 2016;42:1672-84.


Straney LD, Bray JE, Beck B, Bernard S, Lijovic M, Smith K. Are sociodemographic characteristics associated with spatial variation in the incidence of OHCA and bystander CPR rates? A population-based observational study in Victoria, Australia. BMJ Open 2016;6:e012434.


Street M, Considine J. Analysis of the impact of limitation of medical treatment orders during unplanned transfers from sub-acute care to Emergency Departments. Australas Emerg Nurs J 2016;19:37-43.


Stub D, Smith K, Bernard S, Nehme Z, Stephenson M, Bray JE, Cameron P, Barger B, Ellims AH, Taylor AJ, Meredith IT, Kaye DM. Response to Letter Regarding Article, "Air Versus Oxygen in ST-Segment-Elevation Myocardial Infarction". Circulation 2016;133:e29.


Suemori T, Skowno J, Horton S, Bottrell S, Butt W, Davidson AJ. Cerebral oxygen saturation and tissue hemoglobin concentration as predictive markers of early postoperative outcomes after pediatric cardiac surgery. Paediatr Anaesth 2016;26:182-9.


Tai A, Robosa R, Padiglione AA, Dalpatadu C, Korman TM. Dengue fever in travellers: are we missing warning signs of severe dengue in a non-endemic setting? Med J Aust 2016;204:267.


Tatucu-Babet OA, Ridley EJ, Tierney AC. Prevalence of Underprescription or Overprescription of Energy Needs in Critically Ill Mechanically Ventilated Adults as Determined by Indirect Calorimetry: A Systematic Literature Review. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2016;40:212-25.


Tipping CJ, Bailey MJ, Bellomo R, Berney S, Buhr H, Denehy L, Harrold M, Holland A, Higgins AM, Iwashyna TJ, Needham D, Presneill J, Saxena M, Skinner EH, Webb S, Young P, Zanni J, Hodgson CL. The ICU Mobility Scale has Construct and Predictive Validity and is Responsive: A Multicenter Observational Study. Ann Am Thorac Soc 2016; epub.


Toonstra AL, Nelliot A, Friedman LA, Zanni JM, Hodgson C, Needham DM. An evaluation of learning clinical decision-making for early rehabilitation in the ICU via interactive education with audience response system. Disability and Rehabilitation 2016; epub.


Tramm R, Ilic D, Hodgson C, Murphy K, Sheldrake J, Pellegrino V. Experience and needs of family members of patients treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). J Clin Nurs 2016.


Tramm R, Ilic D, Murphy K, Sheldrake J, Pellegrino V, Hodgson C. A qualitative exploration of acute care and psychological distress experiences of ECMO survivors. Heart Lung 2016;45:220-6. 


Trubiano JA, Aung AK, Nguyen M, Fehily SR, Graudins L, Cleland H, Padiglione A, Peleg AY. A Comparative Analysis Between Antibiotic- and Nonantibiotic-Associated Delayed Cutaneous Adverse Drug Reactions. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract 2016;4:1187-93.


Udy AA, Scheinkestel C, Pilcher D, Bailey M. The Association Between Low Admission Peak Plasma Creatinine Concentration and In-Hospital Mortality in Patients Admitted to Intensive Care in Australia and New Zealand. Crit Care Med 2016;44:73-82.


Voskoboinik A, Ihle JF, Bloom JE, Kaye DM. Methamphetamine-associated cardiomyopathy: patterns and predictors of recovery. Intern Med J 2016;46:723-7.


Wendon J, Hodgson C, Bellomo R. Rapid response teams improve outcomes: we are not sure. Intensive Care Med 2016;42:599-601.


Wong SW, Gantner D, McGloughlin S, Leong T, Worth LJ, Klintworth G, Scheinkestel C, Pilcher D, Cheng AC, Udy AA. The influence of intensive care unit-acquired central line-associated bloodstream infection on in-hospital mortality: A single-center risk-adjusted analysis. Am J Infect Control 2016; 587-92.


Yong SA, D'Souza S, Philpot S, Pilcher DV. The Alfred Hospital experience of resumption of cardiac activity after withdrawal of life-sustaining therapy. Anaesth Intensive Care 2016;44:605-6.


Youngson MJ, Currey J, Considine J. Family presence during management of acute deterioration: Clinician attitudes, beliefs and perceptions of current practices. Australas Emerg Nurs J 2016; 159-65.


Open Access Journals.

Hastings JR, Nickson CP, Udy AA. Alfred ICU Journal Club Review of “Pickard et al, 1989: British aneurysm nimodipine trial”. The Winnower 2016;3:e146976.62390.


Hung M, Burrell A, Nickson CP. Alfred ICU Journal Club Review of "Laursen CB, et al. Point-of-care ultrasonography in patients admitted with respiratory symptoms: a single-blind, randomised controlled trial". The Winnower 2016;3:e146449.93098.


Phua V, Udy AA, Nickson CP. Alfred ICU Journal Club Review of “Bhullar et al, 2014: antiseizure prophylaxis after Traumatic Brain Injury”. The Winnower 2016;3:e146976.61808


Book Chapters

Hodgson CL, Fan E. Chapter: ICU acquired weakness and early mobilization. In: Oropello J, Kvetan V, Pastores SM, eds. Lange Critical Care Medicine (ISBN: 9780071820813). 4th ed: McGraw-Hill Education; 2016.


Hodgson CL, Watts NM, Iwashyna TJ. Chapter: Long-TermOutcomes After Critical Illness Relevant to Randomized Clinical Trials. In: Vincent J-L, ed. Annual Update in Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine 2016 (ISBN: 978-3-319-27348-8). Switzerland: Springer International Publishing; 2016:465-74.


Nichol A, Duff S, Pettila V, Cooper DJ. Chapter 9: What is the Optimal Approach to Weaning and Liberation from Mechanical Ventilation? In: Deutschman CS, Neligan PJ, eds. Evidence-based practice of critical care, 2nd edition (ISBN 9780323299954). Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2016:pp 52-60.


Scheinkestel CD, King-Rowley D. Leadership and Organizational Development. In: Webb A, ed. Handbook of Intensive Care: Organization and Management. London, UK: Imperial College Press, ISBN 9781783269501; 2016:107-27.